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Journée d'Etudes : "Contrôle de langue(s) chez l'apprenant d'une langue étrangère et seconde"

le 18 juin 2014
9h - 16h


Conférenciers invités :

- Joan Carles Mora (Universitat de Barcelona)
- Xavier Aparicio (Université de Picardie Jules Verne, CRP-CPO)



L’étude du contrôle ou non-contrôle de langue(s) chez l’apprenant d’une langue étrangère (LE) ou seconde (L2) suscite diverses questions : comment les connaissances explicites (contrôle) et implicites (automatismes) se développent-elles ? Quand est-ce qu’elles sont activées et utilisées et quel est l’impact de leur développement sur la précision, la fluence et la complexité de l’output. Comment l’apprenant contrôle-t-il son output ? Quelles sont ses stratégies ?

Par ailleurs, des études plus récentes s’intéressent au contrôle de deux ou plusieurs langues chez les bilingues et les plurilingues. Elles démontrent que ces derniers, tout comme les apprenants d’une langue étrangère, utilisent une langue donnée alors que les autres langues restent actives, et peuvent même entrer en compétition (Bialystok et al. 2004 ; Poarch & van Hell 2012 ; Van Hell & Tanner 2012). Ainsi, la gestion simultanée des deux ou plusieurs langues nécessite une capacité de contrôle qui peut efficacement surveiller le déroulement de l’activité langagière dans une langue intentionnellement choisie en évitant d’éventuels conflits avec les autres langues.


Programme de la journée (pdf [PDF - 200 Ko]) :


09h-10h Inhibitory control in L2 phonological processing
Joan Carles MORA (Universitat de Barcelona)

10h-10h45 Phonetic convergence in an L2 - automaticity and control
Natalie LEWANDOWSKI & Antje SCHWEITZER (University of Stuttgart, Institute for Natural Language Processing)

10h45-11h Pause

11h-11h45 Automatisms in L2 French written production
Cecilia GUNNARSSON-LARGY (Université de Toulouse 2)

11h45-12h30 Language control in lexical retrieval during L2 German oral production
Angelika KRÖNERT (Université de Toulouse 2)

12h30-13h30 Buffet (D 28)

13h30-14h Control issues in emergent bilinguals: towards a new conception of L2 acquisition processes?
Barbara KÖPKE (Université de Toulouse 2)

14h-15h – session poster

Le contrôle des langues - une étude sur les bilingues à l’aide de la neuro-imagerie
Francesca CORTELAZZO (Université de Toulouse 2)

Un problème d'(auto)imitation : production de logatomes à but de remédiation prosodique/phonétique
Olivier NOCAUDIE (Université de Toulouse 2)

15h-16h00 Multilingualism and cognitive control: the language switching hypothesis
Xavier APARICIO (University of Picardie Jules Verne – CRP-CPO)


Résumés des conférences invités /abstracts of the invited papers:

Inhibitory control in L2 phonological processing (J.C. MORA, Univ. de Barcelona)

Recent research shows that after long-term immersion L2 learners with better inhibitory control are more successful at avoiding L2 effects when speaking the L1 [1]. This talk will discuss recent research on the role of inhibitory control in L2 phonological development for instructed L2 learners with limited L2 experience living in an L1 monolingual environment and will explore the contribution of life-long bilingualism to inhibitory control and L3 phonological processing. We assessed inhibitory control through a retrieval-induced inhibition task [2] in monolingual (L1-Spanish and L1-English) and early bilingual (Spanish-Catalan) L2 learners and tested their L2 phonology through a speeded ABX categorization task (perception) and a delayed sentence repetition task (production). These data provide support for the role of inhibitory control in developing more accurate L2 phonological representations in monolingual (but not in bilingual) L2 learners. The findings underscore the interaction between cognitive skills and learning context and are discussed from an individual differences perspective.

Multilingalism and cognitive control: the language switching hypothesis  - X. APARICIO (Univ. de Picardie)

Most of the studies focusing on the access of multilingual lexicon are in line with the hypothesis of an integrated lexicon, containing all the information on words from different languages, as well as their characteristics. It seems widely accepted that during word recognition, lexical candidates from all the known languages are activated (Aparicio & Lavaur, 2013). A central question of research is to understand how multilinguals manage to control the activation of several languages, and keep the interferences between them very low. Therefore, language control implies to manage the interplay between activation and inhibition of lexical candidates (Abutalebi & Green, 2007). In addition, several studies have brought to light that bilinguals are more efficient in comparison with monolinguals in tasks involving cognitive control (e.g. Heidlmayr et al., 2013; Kroll & Bialystok, 2013)...

Phonetic convergence in an L2 – automaticity and control (Natalie Lewandowski & Antje Schweitzer, Univ. of Stuttgart, Institute for Natural Language Processing)

We present data from a study on phonetic convergence, the increase in similarity of two dialog partners‘ pronunciations. The nonnative participants (German L1, English L2) have been rated on their phonetic talent, mental flexibility and personality. Acoustic measurements revealed that the talented speakers adapted their pronunciation toward the native partners significantly more than the less talented learners. Higher mental flexibility, as measured by shorter RTs in an attention-redirection task, openness and agreeableness were also positively correlated with more convergence. Comparisons of several within-speaker productions from throughout the dialogs, however, showed that these “self-consistency“ measures were comparable for both talent groups. This might indicate at least an attempt to converge for all subjects, which was not successful for the less talented speakers. We propose a model of phonetic convergence, were automatic and more controllable factors influence the final success of phonetic adaptation, and possibly pronunciation learning in general.

 

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